The situation of Arabic woman and her place in the society is still not well determined compared to Arabic man. Let us note that the region of Middle East and the North Africa are the region of the world which present most disparities between the rights of the women and the men in terms of political rights, social liberties, educational levels, health, employement and in others many areas. Arabic women is still considered as not important as man. But, since some years, the condition of the woman in the Arab world improves is a fact instead of the fights that the others women are making. There are some conditions in order to make this emancipation effective :
The first one is the backward drop of the Islam : As long as the Islam governs these countries, two functions are assigned to women : insure males a descent and hold their house. Later, Arabic thinkers understood that illeterate women could not eitheir introduce or train their children. So, worried of seeing their countries committed for long centuries in a endless decline, some Arabic countries share the same will to educate, to learn the foreign languages, to learn about sciences, to follow the example of the west.
The second one is the opening of Arab countries to the world : Women were emacipated because Arab countries opened on the world. They abolished vile and racist status of « dhimmi » or « tolerated » which makes Christians, Jews, second- class subjects without rights… neither safety nor future.
The third one is the real democracy : The presence of democratic institution such as Paliament, free elections, free press, public opinion, equality of the citizens in front on the law are crutial for arabic women’s empowerment.
Let us take a case of Arabic women’s empowerment in Tunisia :
Tunisians impressed the whole world by getting up to defend their rights as women and as human beings. For years, they are considered in the Arab world as exemplary women and are often depicted as independant, free and emancipated women. The thing that they have in common is the love of their country. Today, Tunisians are stronger, more confident of them and more determined than ever to assert their rights. In some areas, they have their place, for instance they already work in the industry and in everything corporate associations, even in those traditionnally reserved for men as pilots, the judges, the police in uniform or the army.
Today, we can say without being afraid that even some arabic women do not still have so many rights and opportunities as men in some arab countries, they evolve in all domains and they really have their place in the Arab world.